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香港自閉症聯盟群組入門網站à首頁àCDC數據聲明

 

(1)   HRSA的研究報告指出,由自閉症家長自行申報(美國)自閉症發生率為

u 91位兒,有1位確診患上自閉症;

u 58位男,有1位確診患上自閉症;

|CDC聲明英文原文| 英文Pediatrics原文|

 

美國疾病控制及預防中心 (CDC)

有關自閉症數據的聲明

2009105

『美國疾病控制及預防中心』(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention簡稱為CDC) 知悉最新由『健康資源及服務管理處』 Health Resources and Services Administration (簡稱為HRSA)出版的『美國兒科專科學院』期刋 (PediatricsExternal Web Site Icon) 發佈一項全國兒童健康普(National Survey of Children’s Health) 重要發現,有關由家長自行報告的自閉症發生率。

 

CDC印刷中的一份最新『自閉症及發展障礙監察網絡』報告(Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network簡稱為ADDM報告)。由於新數據反映問題的嚴重性,我們宣佈CDC的自閉症發生率調查數據,証實和HRSA調查自閉症發生率有相同的上升趨勢,我們發現大約百分之一(1%)兒童確診患上自閉症。但在ADDM的調查顯示不同(美國)社區的自閉症發生率有不同的趨勢,CDC將在新一期的 ADDM報告列出詳細的數據。CDC依據出版指引大約在2009年末出版整份ADDM報告。

 

CDC HRSA 兩個組織認同自閉症是涉及公共健康的一項緊急情況,同時數據反映這項問題需要建立全國性的對策。CDC會繼續研究與自閉症可能有關的危險因素,並保持CDC現有監察工作,以了解自閉症發生率在不同時段的趨勢。CDC希室透過發佈這些新數據,可以提高公眾對自閉症早期檢測及早期干預的醒覺,並藉此供政府政策及服務策劃作參考,從而能滿足受自閉症影響的人士、家庭及社區日漸增加的服務需要。

 

如欲查詢有關(美國)政府及私人機構就自閉症研究的協調工作,請往下列網站瀏覽Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)External Web Site Icon  http://iacc.hhs.gov/  

 

美國疾病控制及預防中心 (CDC) – 有關自閉症數據的聲明

2009105

************************************************************************ 

(本備註欄並不屬於CDC的聲明內文,資料乃由『香港自閉症聯盟』編輯)

備註:

(1)   美國疾病控制及預防中心 (CDC)是美國政府法定機構 www.cdc.gov

(2)   本聲明的中文版乃由『香港自閉症聯盟』翻譯,並非美國政府官方版本,中及英文版本兩者如有差異,以CDC英文版 (見另文) 為準,英文版原文亦可參考美國疾病控制及預防中心 (CDC)網頁http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html

(3)   HRSA的研究報告指出,由自閉症家長自行申報(美國)自閉症發生率為

u  91位兒,有1位確診患上自閉症;

u  58位男,有1位確診患上自閉症

**************************************************************************************

 

這是美國疾病控制及預防中心 (CDC) - 有關自閉症數據的聲明  的英文原文

 

CDC Statement on Autism Data

October 5, 2009

 

CDC recognizes the importance of the data released today in PediatricsExternal Web Site Icon by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)External Web Site Icon on parental report of autism from the National Survey of Children’s Health.

An updated prevalence report from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is currently in press. Given the importance of the issue and these new findings, we would like to confirm that updated preliminary data from CDC shows that overall prevalence findings are similar to those reported by HRSA indicating that approximately 1% of children are affected with an ASD.  There is some variation in ASD prevalence among the ADDM Network communities, which will be described in detail in the upcoming report. We expect to make the CDC report available in its entirety later this year in accordance with publication guidelines. 

CDC joins with HRSA in recognizing that ASDs are conditions of urgent public health concern and these data affirm that a concerted and substantial national response is warranted.  We will continue to research potential risk factors associated with ASDs and will continue our work in surveillance so that we can understand trends in ASD rates over time. We hope that these new data might raise awareness about ASDs to help improve early identification and intervention and to provide information for policy and service planning, which will ultimately help to meet the growing needs of individuals, families, and communities affected by ASDs

For more information on the coordination of public and private research on autism: Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)External Web Site Icon 

 

Source:  http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html

 

(The below Remarks are NOT part of the CDC statement, but edited by the Autism Hong Kong)

Remarks:

(1)  The HRSA Report reveals that (parents self report) the prevalent rate of autism is as follow:

u  1 in 91 Children has autism

u  1 in 58 boys has autism

**********************************************************************

 

『健康資源及服務管理處』 Health Resources and Services Administration (簡稱為HRSA)出版的『美國兒科專科學院』期刋 (PediatricsExternal Web Site Icon) 發佈一項全國兒童健康普(National Survey of Children’s Health) 重要發現,有關由家長自行報告的自閉症發生率,下面是『美國兒科專科學院』期刋 (PediatricsExternal Web Site Icon)的英文原文。

資料來源Source: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/peds.2009-1522v1

Published online October 5, 2009
PEDIATRICS (doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1522)

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Articles

Prevalence of Parent-Reported Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children in the US, 2007

Michael D. Kogan, PhDa, Stephen J. Blumberg, PhDb, Laura A. Schieve, PhDc, Coleen A. Boyle, PhDc, James M. Perrin, MDd, Reem M. Ghandour, DrPHa, Gopal K. Singh, PhDa, Bonnie B. Strickland, PhDa, Edwin Trevathan, MD, MPHc and Peter C. van Dyck, MD, MPHa

aMaternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland;
bNational Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Hyattsville, Maryland;
cNational Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; and
dCenter for Child and Adolescent Health Policy, Mass General Hospital for Children, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Objectives The reported increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attendant health and family impact make monitoring of ASD prevalence a public health priority.

Methods The prevalence of parent-reported diagnosis of ASD among US children aged 3 to 17 years was estimated from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (sample size: 78037). A child was considered to have ASD if a parent/guardian reported that a doctor or other health care provider had ever said that the child had ASD and that the child currently had the condition. The point-prevalence for ASD was calculated for those children meeting both criteria. We examined sociodemographic factors associated with current ASD and with a past (but not current) ASD diagnosis. The health care experiences for children in both ASD groups were explored.

Results The weighted current ASD point-prevalence was 110 per 10,000. We estimate that 673,000 US children have ASD. Odds of having ASD were 4 times as large for boys than girls. Non-Hispanic (NH) black and multiracial children had lower odds of ASD than NH white children. Nearly 40% of those ever diagnosed with ASD did not currently have the condition; NH black children were more likely than NH white children to not have current ASD. Children in both ASD groups were less likely than children without ASD to receive care within a medical home.

Conclusions The observed point-prevalence is higher than previous US estimates. More inclusive survey questions, increased population awareness, and improved screening and identification by providers may partly explain this finding.

Key Words: autism spectrum disorder • prevalence • children with special health care needs • disability • national estimates • access to health care

Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval


Accepted Aug 3, 2009.